The Chinese ESM main grievance is the difficulty of settling back into civilian life. Most soldiers from towns are assigned jobs in the civilian sector when they leave the army. But this has become increasingly difficult because of the dismantling of state- owned enterprises (SOEs) in recent years and the resentment of surviving SOEs at having ESM foisted on them. Rural soldiers, the bulk of PBOR are being sent back to villages where there is next to nothing to do.
China and India are confronted with similar problems because of the large Land Armies and the increasing number of ESM seeking civilian jobs. Even in recruitment of Soldiers there is similar degree of corruption as it has been evidently observed in the Recruitment Rallies in China and India. China scouts colleges to fill ranks of modern army. The fliers circulating in the campuses of China's most prestigious universities showed three soldiers positioned against a Chinese flag and an appeal that read in part, "Carry Your Pen to the Army to Become More Accomplished."
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